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BZD: Harmful Effects, Medical Benefits, and Detox
“BZD: Harmful Effects, Medical Benefits, and Detox”
Some drugs have no benefit to the human body whatsoever—that’s why they are strictly controlled by governments, in order to keep people away from their negative effects. However, not all drugs can be prohibited.
Some substances, such as benzodiazepine, have many medical benefits. They have to be carefully controlled instead of banned completely, so that the line between “helpful medicine” and “harmful drug” can be established.
Benzodiazepine, also known as BZD, is a class of psychoactive prescription drugs. Like many other prescription drugs, they are only legal when prescribed by a licensed physician, and used strictly for medicinal purposes.
Unfortunately, many people abuse these drugs. They enjoy its euphoric effects and take advantage of its accessibility. However, misusing BZD can lead to different adverse effects, which we will discuss today.
BZD: Medical Uses
Benzodiazepines have a core chemical structure that is a combination of a benzene ring and a diazepine ring. BZDs have anticonvulsant, sedative, anxiolytic, hypnotic, and muscle relaxant properties. It can even be used for dental procedures.
BZD may be classified as short-, intermediate-, and long-acting. However, the long-term effectiveness of BZD is often a subject of debate among experts, because of the possibility of paradoxical effects. It also presents a high risk of dependence for users who don’t follow the prescription.
If your doctor prescribes this drug, be sure to follow their instructions carefully. Do not take larger doses of BZD, or take it for longer than recommended. These drugs are quite habit-forming.
BZD: Effects of Abuse
Taking BZD in higher doses can cause various adverse effects including sudden loss of consciousness. Deaths related to BZD are rare, but taking the drug alongside other illicit substances can dramatically increase the risk.
And because people believe that benzodiazepines are safe to use in high doses, they underestimate its health risks and use it in conjunction with other dangerous drugs, usually depressants like opioids.
Similarly, BZD overdose is rarely fatal, but the risk increased when used in combination with other drugs.
Common effects of BZD abuse are the following: dizziness, inability to concentrate, poor coordination, and drowsiness. The user’s body may become overly-relaxed, making them unable to react properly while driving—leading to traffic accidents and similar events.
Less common symptoms are blurred vision, confusion, depersonalization and nightmares.
On top of these negative health effects, the person abusing BZD may also develop tolerance, dependence, and addiction.
Tolerance is when the body adapts to the drug’s presence, forcing a person to take more and more of it just to get the same euphoric effects. With BZD, tolerance can develop quickly.
Dependence involves the inability to quit the drug due to withdrawal and intense cravings.
Lastly, addiction is all about the compulsive need for the drug. They will take BZD even when they’re already suffering from its consequences. The drug becomes their primary goal—they’ll start neglecting their responsibilities.
BZD: Addiction Treatment
The adverse effects of BZD abuse and addiction may vary from person to person. Treatment will also vary based on the patient’s condition.
It is important to take that first step and look for a detox center near you. The addicted individual will go through medical assessment, so that the best treatment plan can be created for them. Take note that the addicted person should not end their BZD intake abruptly, because this can lead to serious problems.
Withdrawal is unpleasant and may involve gastric problems, tremors, muscle spasms, and insomnia. In some cases where withdrawal is severe, the patient may display symptoms like seizures, psychosis, and depersonalization.
A medically supervised detox is the best way to address this problem. Their symptoms will be managed by a medical professional while their BZD intake is gradually lowered. This decreases the risk of severe withdrawal, and makes it easier to treat.
Look for a detoxification center near you today and see what you can do to support your loved one through this difficult journey.